How to Work on Child Learning Disability 0 782

What is Learning Disability?

Learning Disability is a lifelong neurological condition where a child or an adult experiences difficulties primarily in reading, writing, comprehension and mathematical problem solving. There are other associated difficulties such as: behavioral problem, organization, planning and memory that affect a child’s or adults functional life.

Generally, children with LD are more intelligent than their peer group. Their learning brain does not follow the linear steps of learning. Usually people learn step by step and then create a whole picture of the learning content. On the other hand, a child with LD understands the whole concept first and then discovers the small learning components. As a result it is tricky for parents and teachers to understand the difficulties or conditions that are hindering the learning process of the child. This is the reason why it is called Hidden Disability. In most of the cases when their academic scores deteriorate significantly, the teachers inform parents. In the case of adults, they somehow manage to scuffle across the academic ocean but end up struggling in their personal and professional life, as they are not equipped to cope up with the real world.

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What are the different types and where do I go?

According to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorder-5 (DSM-5) there are three types of Learning Disability:

1. Specific learning disorder with impairment in reading includes possible deficits in:

  • Word reading accuracy
  • Reading rate or fluency
  • Reading comprehension

DSM-5 diagnostic code 315.00.

2. Specific learning disorder with impairment in written expression includes possible deficits in:

  • Spelling accuracy
  • Grammar and punctuation accuracy
  • Clarity or organization of written expression

DSM-5 diagnostic code 315.2.

3. Specific learning disorder with impairment in mathematics includes possible deficits in:

  • Number sense
  • Memorization of arithmetic facts
  • Accurate or fluent calculation
  • Accurate math reasoning

DSM-5 diagnostic code 315.1.

-I suspect that my child has some form of learning disability, how do I identify them and where do I go?

How should the teacher tend to my child?

Teachers are one of the most important people in Learning Disability Management of a child. First of all they need to observe the child’s learning behavior carefully, focusing on the specific difficulties in reading, writing and mathematical problem solving.

Secondly, they need to collect preceding learning history of the child, developmental history and behavioral history from previous teachers and parents. Learning Disability symptoms manifest at an early age and coexist with other developmental and behavioral conditions. After all the information has been collected, the child can be referred to a specialist such as a Psychiatrist, Psychologist or Special Educator specialized in Learning Disability for clinical diagnosis of the condition.

Finally, they can consult or hire an external support for remedial program for the specific child. Children with Learning Disability can be easily accommodated in mainstream schools provided they have access to Specific Learning Support.

Do I disclose this to my child’s teacher?

The answer is YES! You must share it with the school authority and the existing teaching team. Awareness is the firs step of management. This information and sharing will create awareness among teachers to learn more about your child and the condition. In most of the cases parents suffer from a stigma that if they disclose the condition, the school will not accommodate their children or they will be excluded from their regular schooling system. But the fact is denial and ignorance will never bring a solution or add anything positive in this condition rather increase the intensity of struggle for them. The best management strategy and the first step of this system is to create a strong and healthy network around your child to protect his/her self-esteem and confidence.

Do I have to find another school or a specialized school?

Generally, children with LD have shown average or above average intelligence in IQ tests. In some cases they understand a concept faster and better than their peer group but fail to express that in conventional manner. A regular school is preferred for them with specialized teaching team in Learning Disability Management. The school can hire a learning disability consultant or a learning support teacher for the child with LD. With the help of differentiated teaching strategies, the child can reach desired goals.

Do I have to control my child’s diet?

There is no research evidence regarding any association with diet and learning disability. Consequently, no suggestion can be made in this matter.

How do I tend to my child’s learning?

It is paramount for parents to learn about their child’s learning style, strengths and weaknesses. Then focus can be on the skills they are struggling with. And finally, consult a professional Special Educator or Teacher trained in Learning Disability Management for intervention without wasting your child’s precious time.

Amar Daraz Health Specialist

Ms. Anjuman Parvin 
Early Childhood Development Specialist

About Amar Daraz:

Alok is the school project run by Amar Daraz that focuses on education and development of differently-abled children. Alok is a school that is located in Tongi and where 10 gifted children are taking their education. The objective of this project is to ensure that children from lower privilege have access to optimized learning environments. This program aims to prepare them to reintegrate into their regular school.

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Covid-19: 7 Ways to Stay Protected From Black Fungus or Mucormycosis Infection! 0 63

When the Government is taking several initiatives to curb the Indian delta variant of the coronavirus down, the shocking news of newly spreaded black fungus has raised new angst concern across the countrymen. The infection of mucormycosis or black fungus can cause your eye damage permanently and eventually attack other major organs of the body dangerously. To put a full stop in this destruction, awareness and suggestions from the health experts can be pretty much enough.

What is Black Fungus?

Black Fungus meaning can be appropriate as a fungal disease. According to medical science, it’s also recognized as mucormycosis. Mucormycosis is a very rare infection. Black fungus infection on skin occurs when you come in contact with a fungus called mucor. The fungus is commonly found in soil, plants, fertilizers and rotting fruits and vegetables.

Fungus can exist naturally in soil and air. Even black fungus stays in the human body so naturally that it can stay normal in the nose and mucus of healthy people. This fungus infects the sinuses, brain and lungs. As the Covid-19 infected people’s lungs are weak, black fungus can pose a serious risk to them.

What Kind of Symptoms of Black Fungus Infection Can Appear?

Black Fungus in eyes is one of the most common black fungus cases discovered in the Indian Delta Plus variant Covid-19 or coronavirus.

Symptoms commonly seen in patients with black fungus include:

  • Nasal congestion and bleeding from the nose
  • Eye pain and eye swelling
  • Eyelid drooping
  • Blurred vision and from which the vision completely disappears later
  • Black spots appear around the skin of the nose

What Are the Necessary Precautions to be Protected From Black Fungus?

According to the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S. CDC), it is quite impossible to avoid areas where the fungus is present. Doctors signifies the fungus that cause mucormycosis are very common in the environment.

As black fungus treatment and any kind of black fungus medicine aren’t discovered yet, those with weakened immune systems may take precautionary steps to reduce the risk of mucormycosis infection.

These precautions to get protection from black fungus are highly recommended:

  1. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention or U.S. CDC suggests avoiding areas where there is a lot of dust. If it is not possible to avoid those places, then use the N95 mask.
  2. Avoid direct contact with the buildings which have been damaged by water due to natural disasters. The CDC says fungal infections can occur from these places.
  3. Should be careful enough so that any infection can’t happen on your skin. If it is cut somewhere on the skin or any injury to any part of your body, extra care should be taken so that it does not come in contact with dust and dirt.
  4. In case of Covid-19 patients, diabetes should be controlled as per the advice of the doctors.
  5. The patient should be careful enough when using steroids. Sometimes excessive use of steroids can make diabetes uncontrollable. As a result, the risk of infection with black fungus will be higher.
  6. Need to maintain cleanliness while giving oxygen to the patient.
  7. Always maintain cleanliness when using face masks.

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention mentions that precautionary measures against mucormycosis are not fully enough yet. Hence, we can do our best as much as we can to stay protected from black fungus. Awareness can save many lives and so there’s no alternative to always being careful always.

Read More:

>>Know the Delta Variant Covid-19 Symptoms and Treatment<<

What Are the Rules of Qurbani in Islam? 0 194

Find All The Rules of Qurbani In Islam and Qurbani Rules for All for This Eid ul Adha 2021 in Bangladesh Below!

Eid ul Adha 2021 is one of the main festivals in the Islamic calendar that has great importance. It dates from the historic time Prophet Ibrahim had a vision where the Almighty Allah (swt) commanded him to sacrifice his son for Him and while he was in the act, Allah (swt) sent the Angel Jibril to replace the son with a lamb. Eid ul Adha remembers the willingness and great sacrifice Prophet Ibrahim was ready to obey Allah and it is followed as a Holy tradition by Muslims all around the world.

Since performing a sacrifice in the name of Allah has many sacred values attached to it, it is important that if you’re taking part in Qurbani, then you should perform it in accordance with all the Islamic rules mentioned in the holy Quran and Sunnah for Qurbani Eid to make sure your sacrifice is accepted.

Qurbani Rules in Islam

There are certain rules which are mentioned in the Quran regarding Qurbani that must be followed to make sure your sacrifice is accepted by Allah (swt).

  1. First, you should make sure that the Qurbani should only be performed between the 10th and 12th dates of Dhul Hijjah and can only be carried out after the Eid prayer.
  2. The person who is performing the sacrifice or is getting a sacrifice done in his/her name must not trim his/her hair or nails from the 1st of Dhu’l-Ḥijjah till the Qurbani.
  3. The Qurbani must be divided in three shares – one for oneself, one for family, relatives or close friends, and the other for the poor
  4. For Cow or camel upto seven shares are granted and for goat or ship only one share is applicable
  5. Before sacrificing the Animal, Takbeer must be called out to ensure your Qurbani is accepted
  6. The Animal should not suffer or go through any mishandling during the slaughtering
  7. No part of the animal be it the meat, skin, organs, etc be sold for money as it would invalidate the sacrifice

In order to have your Qurbani accepted, one should also be fair in distributing and dividing the meat of Qurbani. Learn how to distribute Qurbani meat so your sacrifice is accepted.

Qurbani Rules for Family

The rules for Qurbani on family or a household imply that the head of the family or household who has the capacity and wealth can offer Qurbani on behalf of all the people who live in the house. While the shares donated by the family should be made for each person. For example, if a family of 5 performed Qurbani then they have to donate 5 shares each.

Also Read: How Many Qurbani Shares in a Goat and Qurbani Cow Share for Eid ul Adha.

Qurbani Rules for Husband And Wife

The rules for Qurbani for husband and wife are the same ruling for any person performing the sacrifice. Both the wife and husband for qurbani must follow the rules levied on individuals performing the sacrifice. According to the Quran, both the wife and husband must make their intention to offer Qurbani or udhiyah. Moreover, if the wife has her own money and is eligible for Qurbani then the husband does not have to give a share for the wife.

Qurbani Rules for Child

According to the Quran, the rules for qurbani for children state that it is not mandatory or wajib on a child who has not reached puberty. However, if the child’s guardian is giving a share on behalf of the child then the child must follow the rules before Qurbani.

Is Qurbani Farz or Sunnah?

Qurbani is obligatory on every wealthy Muslim who is eligible for qurbani as it is an order from Allah but it is not farj for every muslim. Qurbani is considered as a Sunnah which means people who perform qurbani will be highly rewarded but if a person is unable to do so, it will not be considered as a grave sin.

Moreover, any person who is eligible for Zakat or meets the Nisab rate for Eid ul Adha, becomes wajib on him or her to do the Qurbani. It is recommended for saheb-e-nisab Muslims to not miss Qurbani and do it as it yields high rewards.

Read Also: When is the Qurbani Eid Date 2021 in Bangladesh?

Covid-19: What Should You Do Initially When the Oxygen Level of Your Body Flows Down? 0 57

One of the biggest harms of Covid-19 in the human body is that many patients have low oxygen levels in their blood. A healthy person’s blood oxygen level should be 90 to 100 percent. Hence, the real problem starts when oxygen goes below 90 percent. That’s why doctors advise the covid-19 affected people to measure the oxygen level with a pulse oximeter every day on a regular basis. And the oxygen measurement process with pulse oximeters is very easy and simple. If the oxygen level is too low, then the condition is higher critical and the patient needs to be given oxygen through high flow nasal cannula supervised by specialist doctors.

What Happens When Oxygen Decreases in Blood

Generally, Pulse Oximeter is as handy as to check the oxygen level in blood any time. But there are other ways to find out the lack of oxygen in blood without using pulse oximeters.

If the oxygen level is low in blood, the head may feel dizzy, the body may feel weak, breathing may be difficult. Many can become unconscious.

When the oxygen level in the blood drops below a certain level, the brain also lacks oxygen which is very dangerous. Breathing problems and lack of oxygen to the brain are the biggest concerns.

Necessary Tips to Follow While Oxygen Level Reduces In Blood Below 90%

Loosen the Clothing

Majority face trouble breathing in tight clothing. Many people can’t breathe comfortably as such clothes are tight along the chest that prevents the lung muscles from expanding.

And if the body is already in a deficient oxygen condition, then even ordinary clothing can cause pain while breathing. When oxygen is depleted in the body of a covid-19 patient, loosen the dress at the very beginning.

If you are wearing something tight, take it off. Take off your underwear and tight fit pants. Also remove the face mask as the mask can also be responsible for creating difficulty in breathing.

No Rush Needed

No one should rush if the patient is alone or if someone else is helping him/her.

All the organs of the body need oxygen. Walking and even eating something increases the body’s demand for oxygen.

So stop walking and stay calm. Refrain from eating anything.

Lay Upside Down

Lay the patient upside down on the bed. The patient needs to lie on chest and keep trying to take a deep breath slowly.

It is beneficial because a large part of the lungs are located on the back of the human body. As a result of lying on the chest, the back part of the lungs gets enough oxygen easily. At least corona patients can get some benefit from this technique.

To reduce the breathing issue, it’s also suggested to lay on the right side for at least 30 minutes and upto 2 hours. And also sitting in (30-60) degree angle with a back support can be useful to breathe partially.

Breathing Exercises

To keep the lungs healthy, doctors are now advising everyone to do some efficient lung exercises.

This advice is also given to healthy people because coronavirus infects the lungs. Patients with covid-19 can also perform breathing exercises if they have difficulty in breathing.

Learn a very simple breathing exercise. Breathe deeply through the nose at a long length. Hold the air in the lungs for seven to ten seconds or as long as possible and slowly exhale. This exercise needs to be done several times.

Say ‘No’ to the Crowd

Avoid too many people near you if you have difficulty breathing. Crowds can reduce oxygen and increase carbon dioxide in your home. Keep the windows opened to maintain the natural air flow in the house.

These tips may offer you temporary relief if you have mild problems.

Arrange High Flow Oxygen

If the situation worsens then there is no alternative but to provide oxygen. In that case, the wise decision is to take the patient to the hospital or bring the oxygen cylinder home. Of course the patient should be treated at home with the help of a trained guy. 

If any critical condition occurs, for example high flow nasal cannula oxygen system may be needed, then don’t waste time at home. Shift the patient to the hospital immediately. If needed, try to arrange an ICU bed on emergency basis.

Forgo the Panic, embrace the Awareness!

8 Natural Skin Care Tips: How to Take Care of Skin with Natural Ingredients at Home? 0 36

Who doesn’t want spotless, healthy, beautiful and clean skin. Sunburn with skin care neglect can cause differences in the color of our hands and feet. This happens when the skin loses its radiance. In fact carelessness and other reasons for our life, skin scars also appear. So, you may search for the home remedies for glowing skin in 10 days. There are some night skin care routine home remedies to get rid of skin blemishes and unwanted color changes. Now you are wondering how to get glowing skin naturally in a week right? Your skin problems can be easily relieved with various tips for glowing skin homemade ingredients close to hand at home.

 List of the Natural Skin Care Ingredients:

  • Turmeric Powder and Lemon Juice
  • Aloe Vera Jelly
  • Lemon Juice
  • Sugar and Lemon Juice
  • Honey and Lemon Juice
  • Sugar and Olive Oil
  • Eggs, Olive Oil and Lemon
  • Rice Powder and Watermelon Juice

 Natural Skin Care Tips at Home – How Can I Get Clear Glowy Skin Naturally?

  1. Apply 1 teaspoon of turmeric powder and lemon juice mixture on the fingers and toes for 30 minutes and wash with cold water.
  2. Apply Aloe Vera jelly on hands, feet, face and necessary areas for 30 minutes and wash in cold water.
  3. Gently rub a medium-sized Lemon peel on your hands, feet and face and wash after 10 – 15 Minutes.
  4. Apply a teaspoon of sugar with a lemon juice on the folds of the fingers and toes and rub it with lukewarm water after 15 minutes.
  5. Apply half a lemon juice with one teaspoon of honey on the blackened area and wash in lukewarm water after 30 minutes.
  6. Apply Sugar and Olive Oil mixture on skin for half an hour and take a bath with lukewarm water.
  7. Apply the mixture of 1 egg, 2 tablespoons olive oil and 1 whole lemon juice on the nails, neck, hands, neck and wash off after 15 to 20 minutes.
  8. Gently massage with the mixture of one tablespoon of rice powder with watermelon juice on the hands, feet and blackened areas and gently rub it after 15 minutes and take a bath.

What is a Good Skin Care Routine?

How Can I Do My Skin Care Routine at Home?

Turmeric Powder and Lemon Juice

There is no substitute for turmeric to remove skin blemishes. Mix 1 teaspoon of turmeric powder with 1 teaspoon of lemon juice and make a paste. Apply it on the fingers and toes and rub it with lemon juice after 30 minutes. Then rinse in cold water. Turmeric powder will remove the black spots on the hands and feet, at the same time it will make the skin taut.

Aloe Vera Jelly

Aloe vera is one of the most precious ingredients for our skin care. This natural ingredient is one of the best beauty treatments to enhance the beauty of your skin and protect it from getting black. Take an aloe vera stick, cut off the green part on top and take out the inner jelly with a fork. Apply this jelly on hands, feet, face and necessary areas, wait for 30 minutes and wash in cold water. Regular use of aloe vera will not only let you get rid of blemishes and blackening, but also your skin will be smooth and taut.

Lemon Juice

Lemon is a readily available natural ingredient that is effective in healing skin blemishes. Lemon juice can be used in several ways. Coming from outside, wash your hands, feet and face well. Cut a medium-sized lemon and gently rub it with the peel on your hands, feet and face. Rinse with water after 10 to 15 minutes.

Sugar and Lemon Juice

Honey is undoubtedly an essential element for the human body. Mix a teaspoon of sugar with a lemon and apply it on the folds of the fingers and toes and wait for 15 minutes and rub it with lukewarm water. It will act as a natural scrub for the hands and feet.

Honey and Lemon Juice

Lemon and honey are also very beneficial for the skin. Make a paste by mixing half a lemon juice with one teaspoon of honey. Now apply it on the blackened area, wait for 30 minutes and wash in lukewarm water. Regular practice with any one of these three types of blends can easily get rid of skin blemishes.

Sugar and Olive Oil

The mixture of olive oil with sugar is effective in healing skin blemishes. Mix sugar and olive oil and apply on the skin for half an hour and allow it to dry. When it is dry, remove it by rubbing. Then take a good bath in lukewarm water. A mixture of sugar and olive oil once a week will remove blemishes, as well as keep your skin smooth.

Eggs, Olive Oil and Lemon

As effective as removing sugar stains with olive oil, a mixture of olive oil, eggs and lemon is also useful in healing skin blemishes. Mix 1 egg, 2 tablespoons olive oil and 1 whole lemon juice together well. Apply the mixture on the nails, neck, hands and neck and on the black spots on the back and wash off after 15 to 20 minutes. After using it for a few days, you will see that the black spots on the hands, neck and back have decreased.

Rice Powder and Watermelon Juice

A mixture of rice powder and watermelon juice can be used to get rid of skin blemishes and blackheads easily. To get rid of sunburned skin problems during summer, blend a few pieces of watermelon and mix these with one tablespoon of rice powder. Then before bathing, gently massage it on the hands, feet and blackened areas. Leave it for 15 minutes, gently rub it and take a bath. You will get benefits if you use this mixture for a few days.

The expected benefits can be easily discovered if these natural skin care tips and home remedy for skin whitening methods are followed properly during this time of lockdown. So, no more dull skin, stay bright as natural as you are.

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