Coronavirus is now a global crisis of our time. Recently this China originated deadly virus is rapidly spreading in many countries over the world. This virus is named 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) by the World Health Organization (WHO). The new coronavirus can be transmitted from human to human which makes this lethal virus an epidemic. The novel coronavirus (formerly known as Wuhan coronavirus) already caused about 500 deaths in China until early February 2020.
What is Coronavirus?
Coronaviruses are named for their crown (or the sun’s corona) like shape that resembled by the spikes that protrude from their membranes. This contagious virus causes a respiratory infection that can contaminate both animals and people. The infections can extend from the common cold to serious conditions. The novel coronavirus is a new coronavirus strain that has not been found in people before.
Origin of Novel Coronavirus
2019-nCoV probably originally arose from an animal source but now seems to be transmitted from person-to-person. Researchers aren’t fully sure how the novel coronavirus first infected people in China, but the viruses that cause SARS and MERS, which founded in bats, provide some clues. Snakes have been suspected as a potential source for the outbreak, though other experts currently consider this as unlikely.
How is Coronavirus Transmitted?
Generally, respiratory viruses are transmitted through coughing and sneezing. Person-to-person spread is thought to happen mainly via respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs, chokes or sneezes. It’s currently unclear if a person can get the novel coronavirus by touching a surface that has the virus on it.
Symptoms of Coronavirus Infection
- Runny nose
- Sore throat
- Severe cough
- Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
- Pneumonia (infection of the lungs)
- Gastrointestinal problems or diarrhea
- Kidney failure
How Can Coronavirus Infection be Prevented?
Since any vaccine to prevent coronavirus infection is still unavailable, People should consider these points to prevent any kind of respiratory diseases:
- Using high-quality musk outside for proper protection
- Wash your hands frequently with soap for at least 20 seconds
- Using hand sanitizer to wash your hands especially after coughing and sneezing
- Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze
- Avoid touching your nose, eyes or mouth with unwashed hands
- Avoid close contact with people who are sick
- Clean and sanitize frequently touched objects (such as toys and doorknobs)
- Avoid contact with animals who are sick and wash hands after animal contact
Treatment of Coronavirus
As no specific drugs have been approved for any coronavirus diseases, the main treatment for coronavirus is supportive care, including making sure the patient is getting enough rest and oxygen. Patients should rest and drink plenty of fluids while the immune system does the job and heals itself. Take the counter medicine for a sore throat, fever and other symptoms. However, as soon as you suspect coronavirus infection- immediately go to the doctor and get supervised.
In a nutshell, it can be said that facing the novel coronavirus is dangerous but panicking by it is no help. Most importantly, you should take care of yourself by maintaining proper sanitation and hygiene.
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করোনা ভাইরাস: কারণ, লক্ষণ এবং প্রতিকার!