Qurbani is an extremely holy time in the Islamic calendar, and in order to honor the sacrifice Prophet Ibrahim (AS) was prepared to make as an act of dutiful devotion to Allah (SWT), it must be observed in accordance with the Qurbani rules.
There are a number of rules specific to how to distribute Qurbani meat, the first of which is that each able Muslim should donate one share.
Qurbani Meat Distribution Rules
Following the slaughter of the sacrificial cow, goat, camel, or sheep, the animal should be split into three shares: one for the donor, one for the donor’s friends & family, and one for a person in need. And thus, Islam teaches us to share the qurbani meat for the satisfaction of Allah (swt).
How Should Qurbani Meat Be Distributed?
Once the sacrifice has been carried out, the meat from Qurbani animals must be distributed in three equal parts. These are as follows:
- One part for the individual performing Qurbani
- Another for their friends and family
- The last for those in need
“And the camels and cattle We have appointed for you as among the symbols of Allah ; for you therein is good. So mention the name of Allah upon them when lined up [for sacrifice]; and when they are [lifeless] on their sides, then eat from them and feed the needy and the beggar. Thus have We subjected them to you that you may be grateful.” (Al-Haj 22/36)
What should a Person Do with His Qurbānī Meat?
Almighty Allah (swt) says in the Qurʾān (22: 36): “Eat from them and feed the content [poor person] and the beggar.”
The Prophet of Allah ﷺ said: “So eat, preserve and donate”.
How to Divide the Qurbani Meat?
- Many Ḥanafī scholars suggest that eating a third is preferable, donating a third and preserving a third. Some Ḥanafī scholars suggest donating a third and eating two-thirds, whilst some suggest the opposite if a person is wealthy.
- Some Mālikī scholars suggest that eating a third is preferable, donating a third, and preserving a third. Others suggest eating a third and donating two-thirds, whilst some suggest donating half and eating half. However, Imam Mālik (d. 179/795) would not specify the proportion and would generally advise eating and donating.
- Some Shāfiʿī scholars suggest it is preferable to eat half and donate half. Others suggest eating a third and donating two-thirds, while others suggest eating a third, donating a third, and distributing a third to whom a person wishes. Imam Gazālī (d. 505/1111) suggests it is preferable to eat a third, donate a third, and preserve a third, a view that has been rejected by the Shāfiʿī scholars.
- The Ḥanbalī scholars suggest it is preferable to donate a third, distribute a third to whomsoever he wishes (family and associates), and eat a third.
In conclusion, it is desirable for a person to eat the meat himself and also distribute it to the poor and others. It is also permissible to preserve and store the meat for future use.
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Read Another Article:
- How to Calculate the Nisab for Qurbani?
- How to Divide Qurbani Meat According to Islam?
- How Many Qurbani Shares in a Cow?
- On Whom Qurbani is Compulsory?
- When is the Qurbani Eid?
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